11th CBSE geography 2019-20 New Syllabus


11th CBSE geography 2019-20 New Syllabus

CLASS XI(2019-20) 
OneTheoryPaper 70Marks 

Part 1 = A Fundamentals of Physical Geography ( 35 Marks )

Unit-1: Geography as a discipline 
Unit-2: The Earth 
Unit-3: Landforms 
Unit-4: Climate 
Unit-5: Water (Oceans) 
Unit-6: Life on the Earth 
Map and diagram 

Part 2 = India-Physical Environment ( 35 Marks )

Unit-7: Introduction 
Unit-8: Physiography 
Unit-9: Climate, vegetation and soil 
Unit-10: Natural hazards and disasters 
Map and Diagram 04 5

((Total  70 Marks ))

Part 3 = Practical Work ( 30 Marks )
Unit-1: Fundamentals of Maps ( 10 Marks ) 
Unit-2: Topographic and Weather Maps ( 15 Marks )
Practical Record Book and Viva ( 5 Marks )



Part A: Fundamentals of Physical Geography ( 87Periods )

Unit 1: Geography as a Discipline 

 Geography as an integrating discipline, as a science of spatial attributes 
 Branches of Geography:Physical Geography and 
Human Geography 
 Scope and Career Options (Non-evaluative)
(( 06Periods ))

Unit 2: The Earth 

 Origin and evolution of the earth; interior of the earth 
 Wegener's continental drift theory and plate tectonics 
 Earthquakes and volcanoes: causes, types and effects. ((11Periods))

Unit 3: Landforms 

 Rocks: major types of rocks and their characteristics 
 Geomorphic processes: weathering; mass wasting; erosion and deposition; soil-formation 
 Landforms and their evolution- Brief erosional and depositional features  ((20 Periods))

Unit 4: Climate 

 Atmosphere- composition and structure; elements of weather and climate 
 Insolation-angle of incidence and distribution; heat budget of the earth-heating and cooling of atmosphere (conduction, convection, terrestrial radiation and Advection); temperature- factors controlling temperature; distribution of temperature-horizontal and Vertical; inversion of temperature 
 Pressure-pressure belts; winds planetary, seasonal and local; air masses and fronts; tropical and extratropical cyclones 
 Precipitation-evaporation; condensation-dew, frost, fog, mist and cloud; rainfall-types and world distribution
 Climate and Global Concerns (( 30 Periods ))

Unit 5: Water (Oceans)

 Basics of Oceanography  
 Oceans - distribution of temperature and salinity 
 Movements of ocean water-waves, tides and currents; submarine reliefs 
 Ocean resources and pollution ((10 periods))

Unit 6: Life on the Earth 

 Biosphere - importance of plants and other organisms; biodiversity and conservation; ecosystem and ecological balance Map work on identification of features based on 1 to 6 units on 
the outline Physical/Political map of the world. 
05 Periods 

Part B: India-Physical Environment 78 Periods 

Unit 7: Introduction

 Location, space relations, India's place in the world ,(( 04 Periods ))

Unit 8: Physiography

 Structure and Relief; Physiographic Divisions 
 Drainage systems: Concept of river basins, watershed; the Himalayan and the Peninsular rivers (( 28 Periods ))

Unit 9: Climate, Vegetation and Soil 

 Weather and climate - spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, pressure winds and rainfall, Indian monsoon: mechanism, onset and withdrawal, variability of rainfalls: spatial and temporal; use of weather charts 
 Natural vegetation-forest types and distribution; wild life; conservation; biosphere reserves 
 Soils - major types (ICAR's classification) and their distribution, soil degradation and conservation (( 28 Periods ))

Unit 10: Hazards and Disasters: Causes, Consequences and Management

 Floods, Cloudbursts 
 Droughts: types and impact 
 Earthquakes and Tsunami 
 Cyclones: features and impact 
 Landslides
(( 14 Periods ))

Map Work of features based on above units for locating and labelling on the outlinePolitical/Physical map of India 

04 Periods

Part C: Practical Work 50 Periods 

Unit 1: Fundamentals of Maps 

 Geo spatial data, Concept of Geographical data matrix; Point, line, area data 
 Maps -types; scales-types; construction of simple linear scale, measuring distance; finding direction and use of symbols 
 Map projection- Latitude, longitude and time, typology, construction and properties of projection: Conical with one standard parallel and Mercator's projection. (only two projections)
(( 20 Periods ))

Unit 2: Topographic and Weather Maps

  Study of topographic maps (1 : 50,000 or 1 : 25,000 
Survey of India maps); contour cross section and 
identification of landforms-slopes, hills, valleys, 
waterfall, cliffs; distribution of settlements 
 Aerial Photographs: Types and Geometry-vertical 
aerial photographs; difference between maps and 
aerial photographs; photo scale determination. 
Identification of physical and cultural features 
 Satellite imageries, stages in remote sensing data-
acquisition, platform and sensors and data products, (photographic and digital) 
 Use of weather instruments: thermometer, wet and dry-bulb thermometer, barometer, wind vane, rain gauge
((30 Periods ))

Practical Record Book and Viva Voce 

Viva to be based on Practical Unit I and II only.

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