बाबरी मस्जिद और अयोध्या विवाद - पूरा विश्लेषण - Ram mandir Ram Janambhoomi Ayodhya & Babri Masjid Demolition Part = 1


🌸🌼बाबरी मस्जिद और अयोध्या विवाद - पूरा विश्लेषण - Ram Janambhoomi Ayodhya & Babri Masjid Demolition🌼🌸

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What is the Ayodhya Dispute? 

✳️Lord Ram, one of the most revered gods in Hinduism, was born in Ayodhya and later ruled over his kingdom from here. 

✳️A temple is said to be built in the early medieval ages to commemorate his birth place (Janmabhoomi) 

✳️1528-A mosque was built, purportedly at the same site by destroying the Janmabhoomi temple, by Mir Baqi a general of Babur.

✳️The political, historical and socio-religious debate over the history of the site and whether a previous temple was demolished or modified to create the mosque, is known as the Ayodhya dispute. 

Beginning of the Dispute For centuries, 

✳️Muslims prayed inside the mosque while Hindus continued worshipping the Janmabhoom i, just outside on a chabutra (raised platform)

✳️1853 - Local Rioting and clashes for control over Mosque.

✳️1885 Mahant Raghuvar Das pleaded in Faizabad court to build a temple over Ram Chabutra (a platform) near the masjid. The . request was denied.

Rekindling of the dispute Events of 1949 

✳️22/23 December 1949- "Appearance" of Ramlala (infant Lord Ram) idol inside the mosque premises.

✳️The D.M., KK Nair took control of premises when local Muslims complained about the placement of idols. 

✳️January 1950 Mahant Ramchandra Das appealed the court to allow prayers inside the structure 

✳️Court decreed that prayers will be from outside - no entry inside the structure to public (Hindu or Muslim) The premises were henceforth locked by administration.

✳️1959 - Nirmohi Akhara filed another case asking for control of the site from the administration.

✳️1961- The Sunni Waqf board went to court asking for removal of idols, stopping Hindu prayers at the site and giving control of the site to

✴️Waqf board Waaf is a permanent dedication of movable or immovable properties for religious or charitable purposes

The Politics of 1980s 

✳️1984 Dharma Sansad (conclave) by Vishwa Hindu Parsihad - Ram Mandir issue comes to the forefront of national politics

✳️1986 - Shah Bano case
Opening of the premises for Hindu worship - TV broadcast on DD Appeasement ?

✳️Protests by Muslims at many places.

✳️Babari masjid action committee ( BMAC ) formed.

✳️'Hindutva' politics :- VHP, along with Sangh parivar affiliates and Hindu nationalist political party BJP started a socio religious as well as political campaign to construct a temple at the Janmabhoomi site.

✳️Karseva voluntary service for temple work.

✳️Organisation of Ram Janaki Rathyatra in Ayodhya.

✳️Bajrang Dal was formed youth wing of VHP.

✳️Shila poojan bricks collected from all over the country for temple construction.

✳️August 1989 the Lucknow bench of the Allahabad High Court bunched together all the petitions regarding the dispute over Babari Masjid site and ordered that status quo be maintained.

✳️November 1989 'Shilanyas' Stone-laying ceremony performed by VHP near the disputed site.

✳️Riots in multiple cities - 1000 dead.

✳️General elections in December 1989 - Congress/Rajiv Gandhi lost the mandate.

✳️VP Singh leading the National Front, became Prime Minister with outside support of right wing BJP (85 Seats) as well as the left parties.

Rath Yatra by Advani 25 Sept-30 Oct 1990

✳️BJP president LK Advani toured the northern states on a rath - a bus converted to look like a mythical chariot- with the intention of drumming up support for Ram Mandir.

✳️10,000 Km from Somnath in Gujarat to Ayodhya, UP.

✳️Bloody trail of rath riots along the path of Yatra.

✳️23 Oct 1990- Advani was arrested in Samastipur, Bihar BJP pulled support to VP singh Government in centre Chandrashekhar became Prime Minister with support of Congress.

✳️Attempts to bring down the masjid by Karsevaks on 30 October 1990 failed.

✳️1991- Rajiv Gandhi assassinated while campaigning for elections Congress.

✳️returned to power- Prime Minister - PV Narsimha Rao.

✴️BJP stormed to power in UP assembly elections with 221/425 seats Chief Minister - Kalyan singh.

PART = 2 coming soon 

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